|A jain at Toomkoor (Present Tumkur), 1800 AD (Source: Comprehensive study of Pagonde poligars by Dr Yogeesh)|
|A Sepoy at Chitalladroog(Present Chitradurga),1800 (Source: Comprehensive study of Pagonde poligars by Dr Yogeesh)|
|Uchappayya matha, Anegondhi (Source: Historical survey of India Vol 2 ,1800 to 1815)|
Pen-and-ink and water-colour drawing date January 1801, of a guru surrounded by devotees painted on the ceiling of the Uchappaya Matha at Anegondi in Karnataka, from an album of 56 sheets of drawings (60 folios) mainly of miscellaneous architecture and sculpture in the Deccan and S. India. ff.31-38 depict ceiling paintings at Anegundi, dated 1793-1806. Some drawings are by MacKenzie himself, others by his draftsmen, including C. Ignatio.
|A specimen of images of Jain statute of Shravanabelagola ,1801 (Now at British Museum,London)|
|Watercolor of Nandidroog hill (Present Nandi hills) painted during October 1791 siege by Colin Mackenzie|
Mackenzie died in Calcutta (Present Kolkatta) on 8th May 1821 without returning to his birthplace even once and still lies in South park street cemetery. The Government purchased his entire collections of Coins, Inscriptions , Kaifiyat[s],Oriental history from his widow, Petronella offered the collections to the Bengal Government at a tentative price of Rs 1 lakh reasonable price⁴.
A passage from Colin Mackenzie's will saying that kavali lakshmiah and his younger brother Kavali Ramaswami should receive a tenth of his estate⁵
Much of his collection of documents, Palm leaf manuscripts, artifacts, and artworks are now in the British Museum and the Oriental and India Office Collections of the British Library, though part of it remains in the Government Museum in Madras. Keen interested to visit his birthplace, museum to access more information on him.
His widow remarried to a company officer, Robert Fulcher in 1823 and settled in England.
Colin Mackenzie had a sister Mary Mackenzie and she built a mausoleum in Stornoway, mary herself also buried and memorialized here⁶.
|Colin Mackenzie's birth place with mausoleum of his family members at Stornoway , Scotland (Source: Dr Sushma Jansari,Tabor Foundation Curator, South Asia )|
Mary was proud of her brother Colin’s achievements in India, and highlighted his ‘eminently distinguished’ career, ‘high professional talents’ and especially emphasized his ‘indefatigable researches into the ancient history, literature and antiquities of that interesting part of the globe by which he has furnished to the world a mass of valuable information far surpassing the ordinary efforts of human industry and in which arduous pursuit his useful life terminated at Calcutta⁷
|Inscription at his birth place, Stornoway Scotland (Source: Dr Sushma Jansari,Tabor Foundation Curator, South Asia )|
On this site stood the house
in which was born in 1754
Colin Mackenzie C.B. F.R.S.
who became the first
Surveyor General of India
He had a long and highly
as soldier and surveyor in the
service of the East India Company
and in the cultural field his
collections of Indian antiquities
inscriptions and manuscripts
He died near Calcutta in 1821
by his contemporaries
alike for his character
and his achievements
It’s necessary to recall the achievement of this extraordinary person who fetched the un-detailed manuscripts, Kaifiyat[s], data from the old inscription to a document that we are made a baseline for the history.
He was not like other officers to join the East India Company, make easy money by means fair or foul, and return home to live in comfort or participate in politics on the security of the fortune made in India. That a few of the Company’s servants did not tread this golden path to fortune, but chose on their own, prompted by the love of learning, 'to discover the east' for the benefit of…the east itself was a lucky accident of great historical value
- Shiva Kumar Mutt
2. Mackenzie unpublished English document (1801)
5. ((IOR/L/AG/34/29/33, folio 249))
· Mackenzie, W. C. (1952) Colonel Colin Mackenzie, first Surveyor-General of India. Edinburgh: W&R Chambers.
· Wolffhardt, Tobias (2010) Wissensproduktion als Staatsaufgabe Colin Mackenzie (ca. 1753-1821) und das Projekt eines umfassenden Survey in Indien. Ph. D. Dissertation. Ludwig-Maximillian’s-Universität, München. (in German)